In most Western European countries, closed shops (a form of trade union security agreement) are generally prohibited, while other forms generally remain unregulated under labour law.   It is not universal; In Germany, for example, both the right to join a trade union and the right not to join a trade union are protected by law and the courts, and all forms of trade union security agreements are prohibited.  Belgian law contains similar provisions.  Given that participation in the unemployment insurance scheme is compulsory and only trade unions have the right to manage this system, trade union membership remains high in Belgium.  The International Labour Organization`s right to collective organization and bargaining "cannot under any circumstances be construed as an authorization or prohibition of trade union security agreements, since these issues can be resolved in accordance with national practice."  Management wants to control the influence of these workers and unions. One possibility is the EU security agreement. There are different types of union security agreements. Among the most common: Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31, US (2018) is a case of U.S. labor law in which it comes to whether governments violate the First Amendment when they ask their employees to pay union rights as a condition of employment.
e. Fee-Check-off – In this situation, the employer collects fees from union members and non-union members. This is a contract between the union and the employer. These fees are collected in the form of taxes or money and are directly deducted from workers` wage control and handed over to the union or union. However, many countries have not addressed the issue of trade union security agreements. Neither Indonesian nor Thai labour law address this issue, and collective bargaining, union administrative procedures and tolls in both countries are so low that trade union security issues are scarce.  In Australia, the legal status of union security agreements varies considerably from state to state and from national government over time. Australia`s labour law does not explicitly provide for union rights security agreements. However, several forms of trade union-security agreement have been favoured at one time or another by the state, territory or national government, effectively regulating the type of union security agreements preferred and penalizing their other forms.
 One solution is for the state to provide only rights (such as the right to manage social or pension funds or participation in an enterprise committee) or benefits (such as unemployment insurance) only to unions or their members.   Another solution is for unions to conduct collective collective bargaining that limits the benefits of the contract to union members.   However, where non-members object to the use of their payments for unrepresentative purposes, most of them may be required to bear their share of union costs related to representational activities such as collective bargaining, contract management and complaint adjustment.