Exchange of search results: there is no indication of what the search results mean. However, based on the daily practice of research institutes, we may conclude that it is the reports that describe the results of research based on their methodology (Anderson, 2003). The user should then submit a report as part of the non-monetary benefit sharing obligation. Some countries, such as Australia (2012b) and India, also explain which research findings would be of interest to them. Industrial users felt that sharing search results was a better option than sharing raw data. Nevertheless, they found that inserting search results into a usable format is user-friendly and easy to disseminate. No, both commercial and non-commercial research are subject to the same conditions. Kenya is following this approach. The results indicate a conflict of opinion between suppliers and industrial users. In terms of the distribution of benefits in which supplier countries see positive effects and minimal pressures, industrial users often see negative effects and/or heavy loads.
This applies to the exchange of raw data and search results, as well as to the payment of access fees per sample and in advance. The dispute also concerns the provision of salaries and research funds, where industrial users believe that this would have a very positive effect for them and for the supplier countries, but the supplier countries do not prefer this option as much as the industrial users. The benefit-sharing trigger is another part in which the supplier countries and the majority of users disagreed. Suppliers explained that it would not be possible to obtain benefits if they are not shared at the time of access, whereas users have generally stated that, in most cases, there is no benefit that you can share at the access point, as no utilities are generated at that time. While the majority of university users viewed this benefit-sharing option as a positive effect and a limited burden, they also declined to clearly elaborate on the reason. Thailand, Office of Natural Resources, Environmental Policy and Planning. Access and benefit sharing. Bangkok: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
The university users interviewed did not have detailed opinions on this option. However, there was continued skepticism and argued that the distribution of the monetary benefits of get-go would have a negative impact on academic research. All respondents representing the supplier countries favoured the mandatory distribution of benefits.